Abstract

Scotland is committed to be a carbon-neutral society by 2040 and has achieved the important initial step of decarbonizing power production. However, more ambitious measures are required to fully decarbonize all of the electricity, transport and heating sectors.
We explore the potential to use low-carbon GeoEnergy resources and bioenergy combined with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) in the Midland Valley area to decarbonize the Scottish economy and society. The Midland Valley has a long history of geological resource extraction and, as a result, the geology of the region is well characterized.
Geothermal energy and subsurface energy storage have the potential to be implemented. Some of them, such as gravity and heat storage, could re-use the redundant mining infrastructure to decrease investment costs. Hydrogen storage could be of particular interest as the Midland Valley offers the required caprock–reservoir assemblages. BECCS is also a promising option to reduce overall CO2 emissions by between 1.10 and 4.40 MtCO2 a−1. The Midland Valley has enough space to grow the necessary crops, but CO2 storage will most likely be implemented in North Sea saline aquifers. The studied aspects suggest that the Midland Valley represents a viable option in Scotland for the exploitation of the majority of low-carbon GeoEnergy resources.
Thematic collection: This article is part of the ‘Early Career Research’ available at: https://www.lyellcollection.org/cc/SJG-early-career-research

Get full access to this article

Purchase, subscribe or recommend this article to your librarian.

Funding

Niklas Heinemann is funded by EPSRC Grant EP/P026214/1 and the European Union's H2020 Accelerating CCS technologies. Juan Alcalde is funded by EIT Raw Materials – SIT4ME project (17024). Gareth Johnson is funded by EPSRC Grant EP/P026214/1 and the University of Strathclyde Faculty of Engineering. Jennifer Roberts is funded the University of Strathclyde Faculty of Engineering. Alistair McCay has received financial support for Scottish geothermal exploration from the Energy Technology Partnership and the Scottish Government through the Low-Carbon Infrastructure Transition Fund.

Author contributions

NH: Writing – Original Draft (Lead); JA: Writing – Original Draft (Equal); GJ: Writing – Original Draft (Equal); JR: Writing – Original Draft (Equal); AM: Writing – Original Draft (Equal); MGB: Writing – Original Draft (Equal)

Information & Authors

Information

Published In

cover image Scottish Journal of Geology
Scottish Journal of Geology
Volume 55Number 2November 2019
Pages: 93 - 106

History

Received: 7 March 2019
Revision received: 16 August 2019
Accepted: 6 September 2019
Published: November 2019
Published online: 4 November 2019

Permissions

Request permissions for this article.

Authors

Affiliations

School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, Grant Institute, West Main Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JW, UK
Steinmann Institute – Geology, Bonn University, Nussallee 8, 53115 Bonn, Germany
Author Contribution: [Writing - Original Draft (Lead)].
Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera ICTJA-CSIC, C/ Lluís Solé I Sabarís s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Author Contribution: [Writing - Original Draft (Equal)].
G. Johnson
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Strathclyde, James Weir Building, 75 Montrose St, Glasgow G1 1XJ, UK
Author Contribution: [Writing - Original Draft (Equal)].
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Strathclyde, James Weir Building, 75 Montrose St, Glasgow G1 1XJ, UK
Author Contribution: [Writing - Original Draft (Equal)].
School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
Author Contribution: [Writing - Original Draft (Equal)].
Robertson CGG Services UK Ltd, Tyn Y Coed, Llanrhos, Llandudno LL30 1SA, UK
Author Contribution: [Writing - Original Draft (Equal)].

Notes

*
Correspondence: [email protected]
Scientific editing by Romesh Palamakumbura

Author Contributions

NH: Writing – Original Draft (Lead); JA: Writing – Original Draft (Equal); GJ: Writing – Original Draft (Equal); JR: Writing – Original Draft (Equal); AM: Writing – Original Draft (Equal); MGB: Writing – Original Draft (Equal)

Funding Information

Horizon 2020 Accelerating CCS Technologies
EIT Raw Materials: SIT4ME project 17024

Metrics & Citations

Metrics

Article Usage

Downloaded 79 times

Citations

Export citation

Select the format you want to export the citation of this publication.

Citing Literature

  • A review on worldwide underground hydrogen storage operating and potential fields, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2022.05.126, 47, 54, (22840-22880), (2022).
  • A criteria-driven approach to the CO2 storage site selection of East Mey for the acorn project in the North Sea, Marine and Petroleum Geology, 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2021.105309, 133, (105309), (2021).
  • Special Issue for Early Career Researchers: editorial, Scottish Journal of Geology, 10.1144/sjg2019-029, 55, 2, (73-74), (2019).

View Options

Get Access

Login Options

Restore your content access

Enter your email address to restore your content access:

Note: This functionality works only for purchases done as a guest. If you already have an account, log in to access the content to which you are entitled.

View options

PDF/ePub

View PDF/ePub

Full Text

View Full Text

Media

Figures

Other

Tables

Share

Share

Copy the content Link

Share on social media

Suggested Content

The Lyell Collection uses cookies

The Lyell Collection uses cookies. By continuing to use it you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Find out more.

Accept
×