Research article
16 February 2010

Numerical groundwater flow and heat transport modelling of open-loop ground source heat systems in the London Chalk

Author: M. Gropius
Publication: Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology
Volume 43
Pages 23 - 32


The Greater London Authority's planning requirement for 10% of building energy to be obtained from renewable sources has led to extensive development of open-loop ground source heat systems in central London. Such systems are used for building heating and cooling with varying energy loads and balances over an annual cycle. Numerical groundwater flow and heat transport modelling is an essential tool for predicting the hydraulic and thermal impacts of proposed open-loop ground source heat schemes on existing licensed abstractions, other open-loop ground source heat systems, or other potential receptors, such as surface water ecosystems. Numerical models can be used to predict whether thermal interference is likely to reduce the efficiency of a system over time, and can be used to investigate possible alternative solutions. This paper focuses on the role of numerical heat transport modelling in the London Chalk aquifer. Conceptual models and numerical modelling strategies for the fractured Chalk aquifer are discussed. Case studies are presented and the results are discussed in relation to improvement of numerical modelling results and reliability of numerical model predictions on sustainable long-term ground source heat scheme performance, and assessment of their impact on other groundwater users.

Get full access to this article

Purchase, subscribe or recommend this article to your librarian.

Information & Authors


Published In

cover image Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology
Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology
Volume 43Number 1February 2010
Pages: 23 - 32


Received: 28 October 2008
Accepted: 12 June 2009
Published: February 2010
Published online: 16 February 2010



M. Gropius
Zenith International, Bath BA1 2AB, UK
Present address: Kopenhagener Str. 57, 10437 Berlin, Germany


Metrics & Citations


Article Usage

Downloaded 2 times


Export citation

Select the format you want to export the citation of this publication.

Citing Literature

  • Physical and Mechanical Properties of Turfy Soils under Confining and Axial Pressure Increases Stress Paths in Jilin Province, Northeast China, Advances in Civil Engineering, 10.1155/2021/8845705, 2021, (1-14), (2021).
  • Analytical solutions for predicting thermal plumes of groundwater heat pump systems, Renewable Energy, 10.1016/j.renene.2018.07.148, 147, (2696-2707), (2020).
  • An upscaling procedure for the optimal implementation of open-loop geothermal energy systems into hydrogeological models, Journal of Hydrology, 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2018.05.057, 563, (155-166), (2018).
  • Distribution and evolutionary of turfy soil identified by remote-sensing images based on fuzzy evaluation, Multimedia Tools and Applications, 10.1007/s11042-016-3842-z, 76, 13, (14635-14651), (2016).
  • Geochemical properties of groundwater affected by open loop geothermal heat pump systems in Korea, Geosciences Journal, 10.1007/s12303-014-0059-x, 19, 3, (515-526), (2015).

View Options

Get Access

Restore your content access

Enter your email address to restore your content access:

Note: This functionality works only for purchases done as a guest. If you already have an account, log in to access the content to which you are entitled.

View options


View PDF/ePub

Full Text

View Full Text







Copy the content Link

Share on social media

Suggested Content